Miguel Leite Follow Co-founder and CEO of Coinvision. +8 years experience in tech and blockchain startups. In crypto for the tech.

1. Understand The Concepts Behind Cryptocurrency

2 min read

Understand the concepts behind cryptocurrency - Coinvision

Before starting to invest in cryptocurrency, it’s important to understand the market’s basic terminology. In this article, we’re going to talk about Blockchain, Bitcoin, Ethereum, ICOs and cryptocurrency.

Blockchain technology, also known as distributed ledger technology (DLT), became a trusted way to track the ownership of assets without the need for a central authority. This can speed up transactions and cut expenses while bringing down the chance of fraud.


It works like a distributed database that is used to maintain a continuously growing list of records, called blocks, which are recorded in a ledger contained in every computer on the network. Each block contains a timestamp and a link to a previous block. A blockchain is typically managed by a peer-to-peer network collectively adhering to a protocol for validating new blocks.

The very first advantage of blockchain is that, by design, this technology is inherently resistant to modification of the data.

Infographic source: The Block Geeks

Often described as the new Internet, this technology can completely change voting systems, fraud detection, financial services and disrupt industries like banking, music, insurance and others.

The first blockchain was created by Satoshi Nakamoto, in 2008, and implemented the next year as a center component of the digital currency [Bitcoin] (coinvision.co/btc), where it serves as the public ledger for all transactions.


Blockchain was born at the same time as Bitcoin. When Bitcoin was released as open source code, blockchain was wrapped up together with it in the same solution.

Bitcoin is simply the first application of blockchain, allowing users to transact directly, peer-to-peer, without a middleman to manage the exchange of funds.

Bitcoin is the first digital currency, created and held electronically. It’s not a printed currency, like Dollars or Euros. It’s produced by people, and increasingly businesses, running computers all around the world, using software that solves mathematical problems. No one controls it.


Ethereum came way later than Bitcoin, but represents yet another great disruption: it democratized the access to blockchain by developers and entrepreneurs.

Announced in 2014 and launched in 2015, it works as a decentralized platform for applications that run exactly as programmed without any chance of fraud, censorship or third-party interference.

Since its launch, it has served as a base platform for hundreds of new projects, that thanks to Ethereum can run their own initial coin offers (ICO) and develop their own blockchain projects.

Initial Coin Offer (ICO)

An ICO is a crowdsale similar to a typical crowdfunding process (Kickstarter like), but it uses cryptographically secured blockchain tokens to fund the development and operation of a specific project.

It can be applicable to one of three types of blockchain projects:

  1. A platform-layer blockchain (such as Ethereum or Lisk)
  2. An organization that operates on a blockchain, known as a decentralized autonomous organization (‘DAO’), or a centrally organized distributed entity (‘CODE’)
  3. A decentralized application (‘dapp’) that runs on a platform-layer blockchain.

In a typical ICO, new tokens are issued in a crowdsale in exchange for Bitcoin or Ether, and then, if sufficient demand exists, digital currency exchanges will make a market so they can be traded.

This new fundraising approach, while still in its infancy, is being hailed as a way to decentralize and disintermediate venture capital, creating new sources of funding for entrepreneurs and new investment opportunities for individuals.


Cryptocurrencies are a subset of alternative currencies (altcoins) that were often generated after successful token sales.

These derivatives also use decentralized control and are in a vast majority designed to gradually decrease production of currency, placing an ultimate cap on the total amount of currency that will ever be in circulation, mimicking precious metals.

These characteristics turn altcoins into a very interesting asset for traders. Coinvision’s purpose is precisely to help new investors learn and research about the best investment opportunities in the cryptocurrency and blockchain world.